History & culture

Croatia is a country of rich cultural and historical heritage and natural beauty, whose national and natural treasures are not only displayed in numerous museums, galleries, churches, national and nature parks, which are monuments of the highest category and examples of exceptional beauty that make an important chapter in the UNESCO list of world heritage, but our historical and natural goods are visible on almost every step of the way. The uniqueness of our country is the fact that its territory is a gracious intersection of as many as four cultural circles which complement each other – the spirit of Eastern and Western Europe, Central Europe and the Mediterranean. Croatia is a country of urban culture that counts more towns than any other part of the Mediterranean. Speaking of the centuries old history are hundreds of medieval churches with characteristic frescos and fascinating wattle reliefs. With nine of its cultural phenomena Croatia has become the country with the most protected non-material heritage in Europe.

Besides nurturing and preserving its traditional culture, Croatia keeps pace with new trends in music, film, theater and other arts through many events and festivals. Year after year, hundreds of festivals throughout the Croatian coast and inland attract more and more fans from home and abroad with their extensive and imaginative programs which take place in beautiful natural surroundings or in the centuries-old, historical palaces. For lovers of archeology, Croatia is a real discovery because of three compulsory locations. The most important is definitely the rich fossil site near Krapina in which the largest and richest collection of the Neanderthal man, scientifically known as Homo Sapiens Neanderthalensis, was discovered in 1899. Following that are the Vucedol Neolitic culture near Vukovar as well as Salon, the biggest complex of ancient monuments and the metropolis of the Roman province of Dalmatia.